Employment-to-Population Ratio

Employment-to-Population Ratio

What does this measure?

The number of employed people living in Berks County divided by the population of 16- to 64-year-olds.

Why is this important?

A companion to the better-known unemployment rate, the employment-to-population ratio is an indicator of people's willingness and ability to find work. In a period of rapid economic growth, a larger share of the population (including teens, second earners in a family, and elders) will find a role in the workforce.

How is our county performing?

The employment-to-population ratio for Berks County was 78% in 2018, slightly higher than Pennsylvania, at 77%, and the nation, at 60%. Between 2000 and 2018, the county's ratio peaked at 80% in 2000 and dropped as low as 73% in 2009. As of 2018, Berks County's employment-to-population ratio was similar to neighboring Lehigh and Lebanon (79% and 78% respectively), but lower than Montgomery (84%), Chester and Lancaster (both at 81%). Schuylkill was lower, at 75%.

Over the 19-year period, several of the neighboring counties averaged higher employment-to-population ratios than Berks (77%), including Chester and Lancaster (both 81%), Lebanon (82%), and Montgomery (83%). The average ratio was similar to Berks in Lehigh (78%) and Schuylkill (76%).

Notes about the data

For this indicator, people are counted where they live, not where they work. To calculate these rates, CGR used figures for the population from ages 16 to 64 not living in institutions (including jails, prisons, psychiatric hospitals, nursing homes and boarding schools) from the 2000 Census and American Community Survey. CGR interpolated the intervening years.

There may be additional research available on this topic. Click on Reports and Resources to learn more.

Employment-to-Population Ratio
United States64%64%63%62%62%63%63%63%62%59%58%58%59%59%59%59%60%60%60%
Berks County80%79%78%75%76%76%77%77%77%73%75%75%76%76%77%78%78%78%78%
Berks County Regions
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County82%82%82%81%81%81%82%82%83%78%78%78%79%79%79%80%81%81%81%
Lancaster County84%84%84%82%84%84%83%83%83%78%77%77%77%78%79%80%81%80%81%
Lebanon County84%85%85%84%86%86%87%86%86%82%78%78%79%79%79%78%79%78%78%
Lehigh County81%81%80%79%78%79%79%79%79%75%74%74%76%76%77%78%79%79%79%
Montgomery County85%85%84%83%83%83%84%84%85%79%80%80%80%80%81%82%83%83%84%
Schuylkill County75%75%75%74%76%77%78%80%80%77%73%73%74%74%75%75%75%75%75%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Total Employment
United States136,891,000136,933,000136,485,000137,736,000139,252,000141,730,000144,427,000146,047,000145,362,000139,877,000139,064,000139,869,000142,469,000143,929,000146,305,000148,834,000151,436,000153,337,000155,761,000
Berks County187,690187,597186,317181,673185,424189,015192,567194,447195,467186,095191,919193,589195,566196,277199,318201,877202,596202,677203,686
Berks County Regions
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County229,523233,753235,797237,295241,076246,961254,609258,865263,491251,383252,699254,461257,629259,105262,363266,326269,460270,916272,641
Lancaster County244,446246,660250,063247,222254,205257,802257,754260,379262,878250,126247,925247,732251,661254,195259,896264,447268,250268,278271,891
Lebanon County62,35563,54264,11564,02366,12467,59868,76469,62870,32467,88564,82665,00466,17766,34466,62466,84467,41367,82068,545
Lehigh County157,140158,719157,815158,147159,594162,363166,251168,063168,895162,952160,875163,937167,319168,918171,834175,701178,860180,117181,379
Montgomery County397,383402,667402,460401,387401,982406,172411,623415,122419,127396,105400,493402,423407,910410,096416,063422,255428,861430,898433,965
Schuylkill County66,10665,56765,18864,55465,21266,43767,70069,90669,86666,62563,19763,22164,07963,78764,06463,85463,38862,39862,670

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau

Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Change in Population by Age and Gender Increasing
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Decreasing
Change in Labor Force Increasing
Employment to Population ratio Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Decreasing
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Increasing
Public Assistance Maintaining
Spending for Local Governments Maintaining
Spending for Counties Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Quality Early Childhood Centers Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Maintaining
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 3 English Decreasing
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Increasing
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 8 English Decreasing
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Decreasing
Student Performance on High School English Decreasing
Student Performance on High School Math Maintaining
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Plans of High School Graduates Decreasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Maintaining
Living Wage Maintaining
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Health Status Not Applicable
People Enrolled in Medicaid Managed Care Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Students in 7-12 Overweight or Obese Increasing
Students in K-6 Overweight or Obese Increasing
Vacant Housing Units Increasing
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Decreasing
Single-Family Home Sales Increasing
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Dams Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Maintaining
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Maintaining
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Maintaining
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing